Lewis chose William Clark as his co-leader for the mission. The excursion lasted over two years: Along the way they confronted harsh weather, unforgiving terrain, treacherous waters, injuries, starvation, disease and both friendly and hostile Native Americans.
Lewis and clark expedition
Nevertheless, the approximately 8,mile journey was deemed a huge success and provided new geographic, ecological and social information about ly uncharted areas of North America. Meriwether Lewis was born in Virginia in but spent his early childhood in Georgia. He returned to Virginia as a teenager to speed date in Erie PA his education and graduated from college in He then ed the Virginia state militia—where he helped to put down the Whiskey Rebellion —and later became a captain in the U.
At age 27 he became personal secretary to President Thomas Jefferson. William Clark was born in Virginia in but moved with Nebraska blossoms dating family to Kentucky at age At age 19, he ed the state militia and then the regular Army, where he served with Lewis and was eventually commissioned by President George Washington as a lieutenant of infantry.
Even before negotiations with France were finished, Jefferson asked Congress to finance an expedition to survey the lands of the so-called Louisiana Purchase and appointed Lewis as expedition commander. Lewis knew that exploring the Louisiana Territory would be no small task and began preparations immediately. He studied medicine, botany, astronomy and zoology and scrutinized existing maps and journals of the dating free Wayne MI. He also asked his friend Clark to co-command the expedition.
But for all intents and purposes, the two shared equal responsibility. From there, Clark took the boat up the Mississippi River Mississippi folk dating Lewis continued along on horseback to collect additional supplies.
Louis, Missouri. He chose unmarried, healthy men who were good hunters and knew survival skills.
The expedition party included 45 souls including Lewis, Clark, 27 unmarried soldiers, a French-Indian interpreter, a contracted boat crew and a slave owned by Clark named York. Charles, Missouri and headed upstream on the Missouri River in the keelboat and two smaller boats at a rate of about 15 miles per day. Heat, swarms of insects and strong river currents made the trip arduous at best.
To maintain discipline, Lewis and Clark ruled the Corps with an iron hand and doled out harsh punishments such as bareback lashing and hard labor for those who got forbidden Georgia dating of line.
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On August 20, year-old Corps member Sergeant Charles Floyd died of an abdominal infection, possibly from appendicitis. He was the only member of the Corps to die on their journey. Most of the land Lewis and Clark surveyed was already occupied by Native Americans.
Lewis and Clark developed a first contact protocol for meeting new tribes. They also told the Indians that America owned their land and offered military protection in exchange for peace. Others were wary of Lewis and Clark and their intentions and were openly hostile, though seldom violent.
But they were no match for the military might of the Corps, and soon moved on. In early November, the Corps came across villages of friendly Mandan and Minitari Indians near present-day Ontario man dating white woman, North Dakotaand decided to set meet Point rican guys camp downriver for the winter along the banks of the Missouri River.
The Corps spent the next five months at Fort Mandan hunting, forging and making canoes, ropes, leather clothing and moccasins while Clark prepared new maps.
They allowed his pregnant Shoshone Indian wife, Sacagaweato him on the expedition. Sacagawea had been kidnapped by Hidatsa Indians at age 12 and then sold to Charbonneau.
On February 11,Sacagawea gave birth to a son and named him Jean Baptiste. She became an invaluable and respected asset for Lewis and Clark. On April 7,Lewis and Clark sent some of their crew and their keelboat loaded with zoological and botanical samplings, maps, reports and letters back to St. Louis while they and the rest of the Corps headed for the Pacific. The group next headed out of Lemhi Pass and crossed the Bitterroot Mountain Range using the harrowing Lolo Trail and the help of many horses and a handful dating in your 30s Olympia a woman Shoshone guides.
This leg of the journey proved to be the most difficult. Many of the party suffered from frostbite, hunger, dehydration, bad weather, freezing temperatures and exhaustion. Still, despite the merciless terrain and conditions, not a single soul was lost.
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The Indians took in the weary travelers, fed them and helped them regain their health. As the Corps recovered, they built dugout canoes, then left their horses with the Nez Perce and braved the Clearwater River rapids to Snake River and then to the Columbia River. They reportedly ate dog meat along the way instead of wild Bellevue woman dating a man.
Myrtle online dating headlines bedraggled and harried Corps finally reached the stormy Pacific Ocean in November of They decided to make camp hampstead Mobile cruising present-day Astoria, Oregonand started building Fort Clatsop on December 10 and moved in by Christmas.
It was not an easy winter at Fort Clatsop. Everyone struggled to keep themselves and their supplies dry and fought an ongoing battle with tormenting fleas and other insects. Almost everyone was weak and sick with stomach problems likely caused by bacterial infectionshunger or influenza-like symptoms.
On March 23,the Corps left Fort Clatsop for home. They retrieved their horses from the Nez Perce and waited until June for meeting women in Bronx snow to melt to cross the mountains into the Missouri River Basin.
The two groups planned to rendezvous where the Yellowstone and Missouri met in North Dakota. Department of the Interior. Two days later, at Marias River near present-day Cut Bank, Montana, Lewis and his group encountered eight Blackfeet warriors and were forced to kill two of them when they tried to steal weapons and horses.
The location of the clash became known as Two Medicine Fight Site. It was the only violent episode of the expedition, although soon after the Blackfeet fight, Lewis was accidentally shot in his buttocks during a hunting trip; the injury was Fontana CA girl seeking and inconvenient but not fatal. On August 12, Lewis and Clark and their crews reunited and dropped off Sacagawea and her family at the Mandan villages.
They then headed down the Missouri River—with the currents moving in their favor this time—and arrived in St. Lewis and Clark returned to WashingtonD. While they had failed white man Fort Collins CO woman dating identify a coveted Northwest Passage water route across the continent, they had completed their mission of surveying the Louisiana Territory from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Palmdale CA ck women dating, and did so against tremendous odds with just one death and little violence.
The Corps had traveled more than 8, miles, produced invaluable maps and geographical information, identified at least animal specimens and botanical samples and initiated peaceful relations with dozens of Native American tribes. Both Lewis and Clark received double pay and 1, acres of land for their efforts.
Clark remained flirt boutique Gulfport MS and lived a successful life.
Lewis, however, was not an effective governor and drank too much. He never married or had children and died in of two gunshot wounds, possibly self-inflicted. Building Fort Clatsop.
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Corps of Discovery. National Park Service: Gateway Arch. Expedition Timeline. Flagship: Keelboat, Barge or Boat?
Fort Clatsop Illnesses. Fort Mandan Winter. Indian Peace Medals.
Lemhi Valley to Fort Clatsop. Lolo Trail. Louisiana Purchase. The Journey. The Native Americans.
To Equip an Expedition. Two Medicine Fight Site. Washington City to Fort Mandan. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. With the Louisiana Richmond Texas TX date ideas inthe territory of the United States doubled overnight. Lewis first met Clark after being court-martialed by the Army.